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国务院办公厅关于印发生态环境领域中央与地方财政事权和支出责任划分改革方案的通知
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国务院办公厅关于印发生态环境领域中央与地方

财政事权和支出责任划分改革方案的通知

国办发〔2020〕13号


im体育appGESHENG、ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHIRENMINZHENGFU,GUOWUYUANGEBUWEI、GEZHISHUJIGOU:

《SHENGTAIHUANJINGLINGYUZHONGYANGYUDIFANGCAIZHENGSHIQUANHEZHICHUZERENHUAFENGAIGEFANGAN》YIJINGDANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANTONGYI,XIANYINFAJINIMEN,QINGJIEHESHIJIRENZHENGUANCHELUOSHI。

GUOWUYUANBANGONGTING

2020NIAN5YUE31RI

(CIJIANGONGKAIFABU)



生态环境领域中央与地方财政事权和

支出责任划分改革方案


ANZHAODANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANYOUGUANJUECEBUSHU,XIANJIUSHENGTAIHUANJINGLINGYUZHONGYANGYUDIFANGCAIZHENGSHIQUANHEZHICHUZERENHUAFENGAIGEZHIDINGRUXIAFANGAN。

一、总体要求

im体育appYIXIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,QUANMIANGUANCHEDANGDESHIJIUDAHESHIJIUJIEERZHONG、SANZHONG、SIZHONGQUANHUIYIJIZHONGYANGJINGJIGONGZUOHUIYIJINGSHEN,GUANCHELUOSHIXIJINPINGSHENGTAIWENMINGSIXIANG,JIANCHILVSHUIQINGSHANJIUSHIJINSHANYINSHAN,JIANQUANCHONGFENFAHUIZHONGYANGHEDIFANGLIANGGEJIJIXINGTIZHIJIZHI,SHIDANGJIAQIANGZHONGYANGZAIKUAQUYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUDENGFANGMIANSHIQUAN,YOUHUAZHENGFUJIANSHIQUANHECAIQUANHUAFEN,JIANLIQUANZEQINGXI、CAILIXIEDIAO、QUYUJUNHENGDEZHONGYANGHEDIFANGCAIZHENGGUANXI,XINGCHENGWENDINGDEGEJIZHENGFUSHIQUAN、ZHICHUZERENHECAILIXIANGSHIYINGDEZHIDU,JIANJUEDAHAOWURANFANGZHIGONGJIANZHAN,JIAKUAIGOUJIANSHENGTAIWENMINGTIXI,TUIJINSHENGTAIWENMINGTIZHIGAIGE,WEITUIJINMEILIZHONGGUOimTIYUapp、SHIXIANRENYUZIRANHEXIEGONGSHENGDEXIANDAIHUATIGONGYOULIZHICHENG。

二、主要内容

(一)生态环境规划制度制定。

JIANGGUOJIASHENGTAIHUANJINGGUIHUA、KUAQUYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGGUIHUA、ZHONGDIANLIUYUHAIYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGGUIHUA、YINGXIANGJIAODADEZHONGDIANQUYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGGUIHUAHEGUOJIAYINGDUIQIHOUBIANHUAGUIHUAZHIDING,QUERENWEIZHONGYANGCAIZHENGSHIQUAN,YOUZHONGYANGCHENGDANZHICHUZEREN。

im体育appJIANGQITASHENGTAIHUANJINGGUIHUAZHIDINGQUERENWEIDIFANGCAIZHENGSHIQUAN,YOUDIFANGCHENGDANZHICHUZEREN。

(二)生态环境监测执法。

JIANGGUOJIASHENGTAIHUANJINGJIANCEWANGDEimTIYUappYUYUNXINGWEIHU,SHENGTAIHUANJINGFALVFAGUIHEXIANGGUANZHENGCEZHIXINGQINGKUANGJISHENGTAIHUANJINGZHILIANGZERENLUOSHIQINGKUANGJIANDUJIANCHA,QUANGUOXINGDESHENGTAIHUANJINGZHIFAJIANCHAHEDUCHA,QUERENWEIZHONGYANGCAIZHENGSHIQUAN,YOUZHONGYANGCHENGDANZHICHUZEREN。

im体育appJIANGDIFANGXINGDESHENGTAIHUANJINGJIANCE、ZHIFAJIANCHA、DUCHAQUERENWEIDIFANGCAIZHENGSHIQUAN,YOUDIFANGCHENGDANZHICHUZEREN。

(三)生态环境管理事务与能力im体育app。

im体育appJIANGGUOWUYUANYOUGUANBUMENFUZEDEGUIHUAHEimTIYUappXIANGMUDEHUANJINGYINGXIANGPINGJIAGUANLIJISHIZHONGSHIHOUJIANGUAN,QUANGUOXINGDEZHONGDIANWURANWUJIANPAIHEHUANJINGZHILIANGGAISHANDENGSHENGTAIWENMINGimTIYUappMUBIAOPINGJIAKAOHE,QUANGUORUHERUHAIPAIWUKOUSHEZHIGUANLI,QUANGUOKONGZHIWURANWUPAIFANGXUKEZHI、PAIWUQUANYOUCHANGSHIYONGHEJIAOYI、TANPAIFANGQUANJIAOYIDETONGYIJIANDUGUANLI,QUANGUOXINGDESHENGTAIHUANJINGPUCHA、TONGJI、ZHUANXIANGDIAOCHAPINGGUHEGUANCE,JUYOUQUANJUXINGHEZHANLVEXINGYIYI、SHENGTAISHOUYIFANWEIGUANGFANDESHENGTAIBAOHUXIUFUDEZHIDAOXIEDIAOHEJIANDU,HEYUFUSHEANQUANJIANDUGUANLI,QUANGUOXINGDESHENGTAIHUANJINGXUANCHUANJIAOYU,GUOJIAZHONGDAHUANJINGXINXIDETONGYIFABU,SHENGTAIHUANJINGXIANGGUANGUOJITIAOYUELVYUEZUZHIXIEDIAODENGSHIXIANG,QUERENWEIZHONGYANGCAIZHENGSHIQUAN,YOUZHONGYANGCHENGDANZHICHUZEREN。

JIANGDIFANGGUIHUAHEimTIYUappXIANGMUDEHUANJINGYINGXIANGPINGJIAGUANLIJISHIZHONGSHIHOUJIANGUAN,DIFANGXINGDEZHONGDIANWURANWUJIANPAIHEHUANJINGZHILIANGGAISHANDENGSHENGTAIWENMINGimTIYUappMUBIAOPINGJIAKAOHE,KONGZHIWURANWUPAIFANGXUKEZHIDEDIFANGJIANDUGUANLI,SHENGTAISHOUYIFANWEIDIYUXINGJIAOQIANGDEDIFANGXINGSHENGTAIBAOHUXIUFUDEZHIDAOXIEDIAOHEJIANDU,DIFANGXINGFUSHEANQUANJIANDUGUANLI,DIFANGXINGDESHENGTAIHUANJINGXUANCHUANJIAOYU,DIFANGHUANJINGXINXIFABU,DIFANGXINGZHENGQUYUNEIKONGZHIWENSHIQITIPAIFANGDENGSHIXIANG,QUERENWEIDIFANGCAIZHENGSHIQUAN,YOUDIFANGCHENGDANZHICHUZEREN。

(四)环境污染防治。

JIANGKUAGUOJIESHUITIWURANFANGZHIQUERENWEIZHONGYANGCAIZHENGSHIQUAN,YOUZHONGYANGCHENGDANZHICHUZEREN。

JIANGFANGSHEXINGWURANFANGZHI,YINGXIANGJIAODADEZHONGDIANQUYUDAQIWURANFANGZHI,ZHANGJIANG、HUANGHEDENGZHONGDIANLIUYUYIJIZHONGDIANHAIYU、YINGXIANGJIAODADEZHONGDIANQUYUSHUIWURANFANGZHIDENGSHIXIANG,QUERENWEIZHONGYANGYUDIFANGGONGTONGCAIZHENGSHIQUAN,YOUZHONGYANGYUDIFANGGONGTONGCHENGDANZHICHUZEREN。SHIDANGJIAQIANGZHONGYANGZAIZHANGJIANG、HUANGHEDENGKUAQUYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUHEZHILIFANGMIANDESHIQUAN。

im体育appJIANGTURANGWURANFANGZHI、NONGYENONGCUNWURANFANGZHI、GUTIFEIWUWURANFANGZHI、HUAXUEPINWURANFANGZHI、DIXIASHUIWURANFANGZHIYIJIQITADIFANGXINGDAQIHESHUIWURANFANGZHI,QUERENWEIDIFANGCAIZHENGSHIQUAN,YOUDIFANGCHENGDANZHICHUZEREN,ZHONGYANGCAIZHENGTONGGUOZHUANYIZHIFUJIYUZHICHI。JIANGZAOSHENG、GUANG、ECHOU、DIANCIFUSHEWURANFANGZHIDENGSHIXIANG,QUERENWEIDIFANGCAIZHENGSHIQUAN,YOUDIFANGCHENGDANZHICHUZEREN。

(五)生态环境领域其他事项。

im体育appJIANGYANJIUZHIDINGSHENGTAIHUANJINGLINGYUFALVFAGUIHEGUOJIAZHENGCE、BIAOZHUN、JISHUGUIFANDENG,QUERENWEIZHONGYANGCAIZHENGSHIQUAN,YOUZHONGYANGCHENGDANZHICHUZEREN。

im体育appJIANGYANJIUZHIDINGSHENGTAIHUANJINGLINGYUDIFANGXINGFAGUIHEDIFANGZHENGCE、BIAOZHUN、JISHUGUIFANDENG,QUERENWEIDIFANGCAIZHENGSHIQUAN,YOUDIFANGCHENGDANZHICHUZEREN。

SHENGTAIHUANJINGLINGYUGUOJIHEZUOimTIYUappYOUGUANSHIXIANGZHONGYANGYUDIFANGCAIZHENGSHIQUANHEZHICHUZERENHUAFENANZHAOWAIJIAOLINGYUGAIGEFANGANZHIXING。ZHONGYANGYUXINJIANGSHENGCHANimTIYUappBINGTUANCAIZHENGSHIQUANHEZHICHUZERENHUAFEN,CANZHAOZHONGYANGYUDIFANGHUAFENYUANZEZHIXING;CAIZHENGZHICHIZHENGCEYUANZESHANGCANZHAOXINJIANGWEIWUERZIZHIQUYOUGUANZHENGCEZHIXING,BINGSHIDANGKAOLVXINJIANGSHENGCHANimTIYUappBINGTUANDETESHUYINSU。

三、配套措施

(一)加强组织领导。各地区各有关部门要增强“四个意识”、坚定“四个自信”、做到“两个维护”,把思想和行动统一到党中央、国务院决策部署上来,加强组织领导,切实履行职责,密切协调配合,确保改革工作落实到位。

(二)落实支出责任。各级政府要始终坚持把生态环境作为财政支出的重点领域,根据本方案确定的中央与地方财政事权和支出责任划分,按规定做好预算安排,切实履行支出责任。要调整优化资金使用方向,提高资金使用绩效,支持打好污染防治攻坚战,不断满足人民日益增长的优美生态环境需要。

(三)推进省以下改革。各省级人民政府要参照本方案要求,结合省以下财政体制等实际,合理划分生态环境领域省以下财政事权和支出责任。要加强省级统筹,加大对区域内承担重要生态功能地区的转移支付力度。要将适宜由地方更高一级政府承担的生态环境领域基本公共im体育app支出责任上移,避免基层政府承担过多支出责任。

(四)协同推进改革。生态环境领域中央与地方财政事权和支出责任划分改革既是财税体制改革的有机组成,也是生态文明体制改革的重要内容,要与生态环境领域相关改革紧密结合、协同推进、良性互动、形成合力,适时修订完善相关法律法规和管理制度,加快推进依法行政、依法理财。

im体育appBENFANGANZI2020NIAN1YUE1RIQISHISHI。

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